Is BOINC available in Linux?
You can install BOINC on a Linux computer in any of three ways:
- Use the package management system of your Linux distribution;
- Use the "Berkeley installer" provided by BOINC (a self-extracting archive, not distro-specific);
- Build directly from source code.
Installing BOINC as a package
Some Linux distributions (Fedora, Ubuntu, Debian, Gentoo, possibly others) have BOINC packages that you can install using your your distro's package manager. Compared to using the Berkeley Installer, this has several advantages:
- The resulting BOINC installation runs applications under an unprivileged account, and is therefore more secure.
- The BOINC binaries are dynamically linked, therefore they require less memory than the binaries in the Berkeley Installer.
- The package manager checks for dependencies and installs any additional libraries required to run BOINC on your Linux distro.
- BOINC is installed as a daemon (BOINC runs automatically at boot time even if no user is logged in).
- BOINC updates can be automated if your Linux distro has automated package update capability (most popular distros do)
If you want to use the packages from repositories, take into account that there are two packages that can be installed separately, one for BOINC Client and another for BOINC Manager. Only the client part is required but you will likely want to install the manager as well unless you intend to manage the client from a remote host.
Here are instructions for several well known Linux distributions:
The Berkeley Installer
The Berkeley Installer is available directly from the BOINC project. It is a self-extracting archive. This type of installation requires that you be familiar with the UNIX command-line interface. The download files have names like
After downloading the file, you'll need to be in the directory where you download the archive to unpack it.
Here is an example. The archive is downloaded to the desktop. It is then moved to the home directory (~). Finally BOINC is unpacked and installed. All of this can be done within a regular user account; root privileges are not needed.
$ mv ~/Desktop/boinc_7.2.23_i686-pc-linux-gnu.sh ~ $ cd ~</code> $ sh boinc_7.2.23_i686-pc-linux-gnu.sh
This creates a directory called BOINC/ under the home directory containing the following files:
- The BOINC Client.
- The BOINC Manager.
- A command line tool for controlling a running core client.
- A script that cd's into the BOINC directory and runs the core client.
- A script that cd's into the BOINC directory and runs the manager.
To start the client manually enter the following terminal commands:
$ cd ~/BOINC $ ./run_client --daemon $ ./run_manager
The BOINC working directory can be moved elsewhere as you like, and can even be renamed. One common choice is ~/.boinc, since files and directories with names that begin with "dot" do not show up by default in Unix directory listings. Whatever the name, everything related to the BOINC client is contained within that directory, and you should always run the client and the manager from that working directory.
64 Bit Considerations
If you are running 64 bit Linux, you might have a problem with projects that issue 32 bit applications rather than 64 bit applications. To allow 32 bit applications to run on 64 bit Linux you must install 32 bit versions of certain shared libraries. The names of the packages containing the 32 bit libraries is different for each distro.
N.B. The commands given below are executed in a terminal window. To open, hit the key combination Ctrl+Alt+T. The sudo commands could ask for a password [yours] to temporarily give admin installation rights for the needed libraries. [Default], closing the terminal or leave the terminal idle for 15 minutes will revoke these rights again.
Three packages are required for 64 bit compatibility.
|compat-libstdc++-296.i686||Compatibility 2.96-RH standard C++ libraries|
|compat-libstdc++-33.i686||Compatibility standard C++ libraries|
|compat-libstdc++-33.x86_64||Compatibility standard C++ libraries|
Install all 3 packages at once, by opening a terminal and typing:
su -c 'yum install compat-libstdc++-296.i686 compat-libstdc++-33.i686 compat-libstdc++-33.x86_64'
Four packages are required for 64 bit compatibility (Read whole section before applying).
|ia32-libs||description is unavailable|
|libstdc++6||description is unavailable|
|libstdc++5||description is unavailable|
|freeglut3||description is unavailable|
Install all 4 packages at once with the following steps:
- Open a terminal.
- Enter (with a space between every library name, or copy the line as-is, and right-click in terminal to paste)
sudo apt-get install ia32-libs libstdc++6 libstdc++5 freeglut3
If the above fails to get 32 bit work on e.g. World Community Grid or to at all install, these sets work on newer Linuxes [those in italic are optional]
sudo apt-get install gcc-4.7-multilib libstdc++6 libstdc++5 freeglut3 lib32z1 lib32ncurses5 lib32bz2-1.0
or alternate for Test4Theory:
sudo apt-get install gcc-4.7-multilib freeglut3 libwxgtk2.8-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libxss-dev
The changes will not take effect until the client/daemon has been restarted. This too can be done in terminal, e.g. on Ubuntu with
sudo service boinc-client restart